Ironically, anti-Communists were sometimes aided by liberals and leftists whose primary fear was fascist subversion. By the time the fever had run its course, in late Augustnineteen people and two dogs had been convicted and hanged for witchcraft.
In later versions of the speech, he changed the number to 81 and then Meanwhile, some libraries pulled books that were considered too leftist from their shelves. Truman issued Executive Orderalso known as the Loyalty Order, which mandated that all federal employees be analyzed to determine whether they were sufficiently loyal to the government.
Because of the fact that communism could sneak up on us, and because it seemed to be gaining power around the world, Americans feared communism in the s. Thus, while their language was more restrained than that of McCarthy and others they decried, Cold War liberals frequently supported some anti-Communist sanctions.
As with the alleged witches of Salem, suspected Communists were encouraged to confess and to identify other Red sympathizers as means of escaping punishment. Meanwhile, HUAC went on the road, holding hearings in cities across the US over the course of the next decade and investigating teachers, musicians, union organizers, and other groups.
In extremely religious Puritan New England, frightening or surprising occurrences were often attributed to the devil or his cohorts.
Tip There were several reasons that caused the fear of communism in the United States. Many victims of the postwar Red Scare were hounded for activities they had engaged in a decade or more before. The trials, which were well publicized, could often destroy a career with a single unsubstantiated accusation.
As a result, suspected communists, including members of the American political left and the entertainment industries, had their names blacklisted, thus barring them from many work opportunities and restricting certain civil liberties such as freedom of speech.
Ironically, anti-Communists were sometimes aided by liberals and leftists whose primary fear was fascist subversion.
Conclusion We have analyzed how Cold War propaganda spreads across education, film, television, and print media. This is quite relevant to those of you who will be penetrating the marketing industry and develop brand loyalty strategies as well as building consumer relationships.
The Red MenaceR.
Others were attracted by the visible activism of American Communists on behalf of a wide range of social and economic causes, including the rights of African Americans, workers, and the unemployed. Maps of the Soviet Union, such as the one below, would often be printed to show the fearful expansion of Russia.
Post-war anti-Communism was rooted even more directly in the political culture of the s. As Lovestone veered away from Moscow, he came to work for the American Federation of Labor, managing a separate union foreign policy as well as maintaining his own intelligence operations for the CIA, many under the command of the legendary counterintelligence chief James Angleton.
The Saturday Evening Post, May 28, Liberty, June 7, Look magazine, July 8, Look magazine, June 20, As previously mentioned, in a time when television was at its early stage, print media was by far the most popular source of news for Americans.
Communism Infewer than 50, Americans out of a total US population of million were members of the Communist Party.
Few dared to challenge McCarthy directly, and many Republicans who despised him found him useful. Visit Website Did you know? Hysteria and Growing Conservatism Public concerns about communism were heightened by international events.Infewer than 50, Americans out of a total US population of million were members of the Communist Party.
Yet in the late s and early s, American fears of internal communist subversion reached a nearly hysterical pitch. Sep 13, · Watch video · The following year saw the start of the Korean War (), which engaged U.S.
troops in combat against the communist-supported forces of North Korea. The advances of communism around the world. By the s, it appeared the communism was gaining strength around the world.
Inthe Soviet Union had detonated its first atomic bomb, Americans.
There were several reasons that caused the fear of communism in the United States. These include the Red Scare and McCarthyism, the association communism had with the Soviet Union, The Cold War and finally, the simple fact that communism was the complete opposite of capitalism.
In the aftermath of World War II, Americans reacted with dismay as relations between the United States and the Soviet Union deteriorated, the Russians imposed communist control over much of Eastern Europe, and China was on the verge of going communist.
The philosophical basis of this fear was based on the significant differences between capitalism and communism as economic systems while the most noteworthy historical examples of it were the Red Scare after World War I, McCarthyism in the s and the Cold War.Download